Press Release

Independence Realty Trust Announces Third Quarter 2019 Financial Results

Company Release - 10/30/2019 4:15 PM ET

PHILADELPHIA--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Independence Realty Trust, Inc. (“IRT”) (NYSE:IRT), a multifamily apartment REIT, today announced its third quarter 2019 financial results.

Third Quarter Highlights

  • Net income allocable to common shares of $4.9 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 as compared to $4.8 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2018. Earnings per diluted share of $0.05 for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, flat as compared to quarter ended September 30, 2018.
  • Same store net operating income (“NOI”) growth of 8.1% for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 compared to the quarter ended September 30, 2018.
  • Core Funds from Operations (“CFFO”) of $17.0 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 as compared to $16.5 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2018. CFFO per share was $0.19 for the third quarter of 2019, in line with the third quarter of 2018.
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $25.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2019 as compared to $24.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2018.
  • Since the inception of the value add program, IRT has completed renovations in 2,364 units, achieving a total weighted average return on investment of 15.8%.

Included later in this press release are definitions of CFFO, NOI, Adjusted EBITDA and other Non-GAAP financial measures and reconciliations of such measures to their most comparable financial measures as calculated and presented under GAAP.

Management Commentary:

“We continued to see the benefit of our value add initiative in Q3, as evidenced by our strong same store revenue growth of 6.6% and resulting same store NOI growth of 8.1% during the quarter,” said Scott Schaeffer, IRT’s Chairman and CEO. “We are confident that the investment in portfolio upgrades and our commitment to opportunistically recycling capital will allow us to achieve our broader corporate goals and maximize value for our shareholders.”

Same Store Property Operating Results

 

Third Quarter 2019 Compared to
Third Quarter 2018 (1)

Nine Months Ended 9/30/19
Compared to Nine Months
Ended 9/30/18 (1)

Rental and other property revenue

6.6% increase

5.5% increase

Property operating expenses

4.4% increase

3.2% increase

Net operating income (“NOI”)

8.1% increase

7.0% increase

Portfolio average occupancy

No change - 93.4%

40 bps decrease to 93.3%

Portfolio average rental rate

5.7% increase to $1,078

5.2% increase to $1,058

NOI Margin

90 bps increase to 60.5%

90 bps increase to 60.6%

(1)

Same store portfolio for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019 includes 49 properties, which represent 13,397 units.

Same Store Property Operating Results, Excluding Value Add

The same store portfolio results below exclude 12 communities that are both part of the same store portfolio and are actively undergoing Value Add renovations during the three months ended September 30, 2019.

 

 

Third Quarter 2019 Compared to
Third Quarter 2018, Excluding
Value Add (1)

Nine Months Ended 9/30/19
Compared to Nine Months
Ended 9/30/18 (1)

Rental and other property revenue

4.0% increase

4.0% increase

Property operating expenses

3.3% increase

3.3% increase

Net operating income (“NOI”)

4.5% increase

4.4% increase

Portfolio average occupancy

40 bps decrease to 94.6%

10 bps decrease 94.5%

Portfolio average rental rate

3.7% increase to $1,072

3.6% increase to $1,055

NOI Margin

30 bps increase to 60.0%

20 bps increase to 60.1%

(1)

Same store portfolio, excluding value add, includes 37 properties, which represent 9,448 units for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019.

Capital Recycling

Acquisitions:

  • On July 11, 2019, IRT acquired a 264-unit community in Tampa, FL for $48.0 million. At the time of acquisition, the community was 95.5% occupied with average rent per unit of $1,313.
  • Subsequent to quarter end, on October 1, 2019, IRT acquired a 318-unit community in Raleigh, NC for $52.9 million. At the time of acquisition, the community was 96.2% occupied with average rent per unit of $1,113.

Dispositions:

  • On July 18, 2019, IRT completed the disposition of two communities in Little Rock, AR for a combined sale price of $56.5 million. Associated with this disposition, IRT repaid property mortgages totaling $34.8 million and recognized a gain of $2.2 million.

At-the-Market Offering

During the third quarter of 2019, IRT issued 972,887 shares of common stock under its at-the-market sales program at a weighted average per share price of $13.45, yielding net proceeds of approximately $12.8 million. During the first nine months of 2019, IRT issued 1,548,591 shares of common stock under its at-the-market sales program at a weighted average per share price of $12.59, yielding net proceeds of approximately $18.8 million.

Capital Expenditures

For the three months ended September 30, 2019, recurring capital expenditures for the total portfolio were $2.5 million, or $161 per unit. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019 recurring capital expenditures for the total portfolio were $6.2 million or $399 per unit.

Distributions

On September 12, 2019, IRT’s Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend for the third quarter of 2019 of $0.18 per share of IRT common stock, payable on October 25, 2019 to stockholders of record at the close of business on September 27, 2019.

2019 EPS and CFFO Guidance

IRT is updating its 2019 full year guidance. EPS per diluted share is projected to be in a range of $0.47 to $0.54. CFFO per diluted share, a non-GAAP financial measure, is projected to be in the range of $0.75 to $0.78. A reconciliation of IRT's projected net income allocable to common shares to its projected CFFO per share is included below. Also included below are the primary assumptions underlying these estimates. See the schedules and definitions at the end of this release for further information regarding how IRT calculates CFFO and for management’s rationale for the usefulness of CFFO.

 

Previous Guidance

Current Guidance

2019 Full Year EPS and CFFO Guidance (1)(2)

Low

High

Low

High

Earnings per share (3)

$

0.65

 

$

0.70

 

$

0.47

 

$

0.54

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

0.55

 

 

0.57

 

 

0.55

 

 

0.57

 

Gains on sale of assets (3)

 

(0.51

)

 

(0.55

)

 

(0.33

)

 

(0.39

)

Share base compensation

 

0.04

 

 

0.04

 

 

0.04

 

 

0.04

 

Amortization of deferred financing fees

 

0.02

 

 

0.02

 

 

0.02

 

 

0.02

 

CORE FFO per share allocated to common shareholders

$

0.75

 

$

0.78

 

$

0.75

 

$

0.78

 

(1)

This guidance, including the underlying assumptions presented in the table below, constitutes forward-looking information. Actual full year 2019 EPS and CFFO could vary significantly from the projections presented. See “Forward-Looking Statements” below.

(2)

Per share guidance is based on weighted average shares and units outstanding of 90.9 million.

(3)

The change in earnings per share and gains on sale of assets is driven by a lower number of properties sold than was assumed in our previous guidance.

Same Store Communities

Previous 2019 Outlook

Current 2019 Outlook

Number of properties/units

50 properties / 13,697 units

49 properties / 13,397 units

Property revenue growth

5.0% to 6.0%

5.5% to 6.0%

Controllable property operating expense growth

0.5% to 1.50%

1.0% to 1.50%

Real estate tax and insurance expense increase

8.0% to 10.0%

6.5% to 7.5%

Total property operating expense growth

4.0% to 5.0%

3.0% to 3.5%

Same store property NOI growth

6.0% to 7.0%

7.0% to 7.5%

 

 

 

Corporate Expenses

 

 

General and administrative expenses
(excluding stock based compensation)

$9.5 to $10.0 million

$9.5 to $10.0 million

 

 

 

Transaction/Investment Volume

 

 

Acquisition volume (1)

$76.0 to $110.0 million

$128.9 million

Disposition volume (2)

$98.5 to $180.0 million

$150.0 to $155.0 million

 

 

 

Capital Expenditures

 

 

Recurring

$7.50 to $8.25 million

$7.50 to $8.25 million

Value add & non-recurring

$30.0 to $35.0 million

$30.0 to $35.0 million

(1)

Acquisition volume includes the April, July, and October 2019 acquisitions totaling $128.9 million.

(2)

Disposition volume includes dispositions year-to-date totaling $98.5 million, plus the expected sale of our Austin, Texas community in December 2019.

Selected Financial Information

See the schedules at the end of this earnings release for selected financial information for IRT.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Definitions

IRT discloses the following non-GAAP financial measures in this earnings release: FFO, CFFO, NOI and Adjusted EBITDA. Included at the end of this release are definitions of these non-GAAP financial measures and a reconciliation of IRT’s reported net income to its FFO and CFFO, a reconciliation of IRT’s same store NOI to its reported net income, a reconciliation of IRT’s Adjusted EBITDA to net income, and management’s rationales for the usefulness of each of these and other non-GAAP financial measures used in this release.

Conference Call

All interested parties can listen to the live conference call webcast at 9:00 AM ET on Thursday, October 31, 2019 from the investor relations section of the IRT website at www.irtliving.com or by dialing 1.844.775.2542, access code 8497373. For those who are not available to listen to the live call, the replay will be available shortly following the live call from the investor relations section of IRT’s website and telephonically until Thursday, November 7, 2019 by dialing 1.855.859.2056, access code 8497373.

Supplemental Information

IRT produces supplemental information that includes details regarding the performance of the portfolio, financial information, non-GAAP financial measures, same store information and other useful information for investors. The supplemental information is available via the Company's website, www.irtliving.com, through the "Investor Relations" section.

About Independence Realty Trust, Inc.

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. (NYSE:IRT) is a real estate investment trust that owns and operates multifamily apartment properties across non-gateway U.S. markets, including Atlanta, Louisville, Memphis, and Raleigh. IRT’s investment strategy is focused on gaining scale within key amenity rich submarkets that offer good school districts, high-quality retail and major employment centers. IRT aims to provide stockholders attractive risk-adjusted returns through diligent portfolio management, strong operational performance, and a consistent return of capital through distributions and capital appreciation. More information may be found on the Company’s website at www.irtliving.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Such forward-looking statements can generally be identified by our use of forward-looking terminology such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “seek,” “outlook,” “assumption,” “projected,” “strategy”, “guidance” or other, similar words. Because such forward-looking statements involve significant risks, uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are not within IRT’s control, actual results may differ materially from the expectations, intentions, beliefs, plans or predictions of the future expressed or implied by such statements. These forward-looking statements are based upon the current judgments and expectations of IRT’s management. Risks and uncertainties that might cause IRT’s actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: adverse changes in national, regional and local economic climates; changes in market demand for rental apartment homes and pricing pressures from competitors that could limit our ability to lease units or increase rents; competition that could adversely affect our ability to acquire additional properties; volatility in capital and credit markets, including changes that reduce availability, and increase costs, of capital; unexpected changes in the assumptions underlying our 2019 EPS, CFFO and same store NOI growth guidance; delays in completing, and cost overruns incurred in connection with, our value add initiatives and failure to achieve projected rent increases and occupancy levels on account of the initiatives; risks associated with pursuit of strategic acquisitions, including risks associated with the need to raise additional capital to fund the acquisitions and failure of acquisitions to produce expected returns; unexpected costs of REIT qualification compliance; costs and disruptions as the result of a cybersecurity incident or other technology disruption; and share price fluctuations. Additional risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements in this press release are discussed in IRT’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), including those under the heading “Risk Factors” in IRT’s most recently filed Annual Report on Form 10-K. Dividends are subject to the discretion of IRT’s Board of Directors, and will depend on IRT’s financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements, compliance with applicable laws and agreements and any other factors deemed relevant by IRT’s Board. IRT undertakes no obligation to update these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as may be required by law.

Schedule I

Independence Realty Trust, Inc.

Selected Financial Information

(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended

 

 

 

September 30,
2019

 

 

June 30,
2019

 

 

March 31,
2019

 

 

December 31,
2018

 

 

September 30,
2018

 

Selected Financial Information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating Statistics:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income available to common shares

 

$

4,863

 

 

$

14,709

 

 

$

2,540

 

 

$

14,580

 

 

$

4,787

 

Earnings (loss) per share -- diluted

 

$

0.05

 

 

$

0.16

 

 

$

0.03

 

 

$

0.16

 

 

$

0.05

 

Rental and other property revenue

 

$

51,057

 

 

$

50,848

 

 

$

49,465

 

 

$

49,718

 

 

$

48,644

 

Property operating expenses

 

$

20,546

 

 

$

20,072

 

 

$

19,886

 

 

$

19,450

 

 

$

19,792

 

Net operating income

 

$

30,511

 

 

$

30,776

 

 

$

29,579

 

 

$

30,268

 

 

$

28,852

 

NOI margin

 

 

59.8

%

 

 

60.5

%

 

 

59.8

%

 

 

60.9

%

 

 

59.3

%

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

25,739

 

 

$

25,284

 

 

$

24,734

 

 

$

25,653

 

 

$

24,748

 

CORE FFO per share

 

$

0.19

 

 

$

0.19

 

 

$

0.18

 

 

$

0.19

 

 

$

0.19

 

Dividends per share

 

$

0.18

 

 

$

0.18

 

 

$

0.18

 

 

$

0.18

 

 

$

0.18

 

CORE FFO payout ratio

 

 

94.7

%

 

 

94.7

%

 

 

100.0

%

 

 

94.7

%

 

 

94.7

%

Portfolio Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total gross assets

 

$

1,821,173

 

 

$

1,817,207

 

 

$

1,807,955

 

 

$

1,798,736

 

 

$

1,782,186

 

Total number of properties

 

 

57

 

 

 

58

 

 

 

58

 

 

 

58

 

 

 

58

 

Total units

 

 

15,536

 

 

 

15,734

 

 

 

15,880

 

 

 

15,880

 

 

 

15,860

 

Period end occupancy

 

 

92.8

%

 

 

94.0

%

 

 

93.9

%

 

 

92.5

%

 

 

92.3

%

Total portfolio average occupancy

 

 

93.5

%

 

 

94.4

%

 

 

92.9

%

 

 

92.3

%

 

 

93.5

%

Total portfolio average effective monthly rent, per unit

 

$

1,084

 

 

$

1,058

 

 

$

1,042

 

 

$

1,035

 

 

$

1,024

 

Same store period end occupancy (a)

 

 

93.0

%

 

 

93.8

%

 

 

93.6

%

 

 

92.0

%

 

 

92.2

%

Same store portfolio average occupancy (a)

 

 

93.4

%

 

 

94.1

%

 

 

92.5

%

 

 

92.0

%

 

 

93.4

%

Same store portfolio average effective monthly rent, per unit (a)

 

$

1,078

 

 

$

1,057

 

 

$

1,039

 

 

$

1,034

 

 

$

1,020

 

Capitalization:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total debt

 

$

979,330

 

 

$

989,499

 

 

$

990,920

 

 

$

985,488

 

 

$

963,238

 

Common share price, period end

 

$

14.31

 

 

$

11.57

 

 

$

10.79

 

 

$

9.18

 

 

$

10.53

 

Market equity capitalization

 

$

1,313,311

 

 

$

1,050,712

 

 

$

978,825

 

 

$

826,802

 

 

$

945,615

 

Total market capitalization

 

$

2,292,641

 

 

$

2,040,211

 

 

$

1,969,745

 

 

$

1,812,290

 

 

$

1,908,853

 

Total debt/total gross assets

 

 

53.8

%

 

 

54.5

%

 

 

54.8

%

 

 

54.8

%

 

 

54.0

%

Net debt to Adjusted EBITDA (pro forma) (b)

 

 

9.0

x

 

9.2x

 

 

 

9.2

x

 

 

9.2

x

 

 

9.3

x

Interest coverage

 

 

2.6

x

 

 

2.6x

 

 

 

2.5

x

 

 

2.6

x

 

 

2.7

x

Common shares and OP Units:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares outstanding

 

 

90,894,656

 

 

 

89,932,418

 

 

 

89,834,793

 

 

 

89,184,443

 

 

 

88,920,879

 

OP units outstanding

 

 

881,107

 

 

 

881,107

 

 

 

881,107

 

 

 

881,107

 

 

 

881,107

 

Common shares and OP units outstanding

 

 

91,775,763

 

 

 

90,813,525

 

 

 

90,715,900

 

 

 

90,065,550

 

 

 

89,801,986

 

Weighted average common shares and units

 

 

90,908,646

 

 

 

90,394,212

 

 

 

89,870,556

 

 

 

89,532,373

 

 

 

88,585,940

 

(a)

Same store portfolio consists of 49 properties, which represent 13,397 units.

(b)

Reflects pro forma net debt to adjusted EBITDA for each period presented, which includes adjustments for the timing of acquisitions, the full quarter effect of current value add initiatives, and the completion of capital recycling activities including paydown of associated indebtedness. Actual net debt to Adjusted EBITDA for the five quarters ended September 30, 2019 was 9.4x, 9.7x, 9.9x, 9.5x, and 9.7x, respectively.

Schedule II

Independence Realty Trust, Inc.

Reconciliation of Net Income (loss) to

Funds From Operations and

Core Funds From Operations

(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(unaudited)

 
 

 

 

For the Three Months
Ended September 30,

 

 

For the Nine Months
Ended September 30,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Funds From Operations (FFO):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Income (loss)

 

$

4,912

 

 

$

4,836

 

 

$

22,334

 

 

$

11,881

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate depreciation and amortization

 

 

13,313

 

 

 

10,738

 

 

 

38,306

 

 

 

33,489

 

Net (gains) losses on sale of assets excluding debt extinguishment costs

 

 

(5,594

)

 

 

 

 

 

(19,765

)

 

 

 

Funds From Operations

 

$

12,631

 

 

$

15,574

 

 

$

40,875

 

 

$

45,370

 

FFO per share

 

$

0.14

 

 

$

0.18

 

 

$

0.45

 

 

$

0.52

 

Core Funds From Operations (CFFO):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Funds From Operations

 

$

12,631

 

 

$

15,574

 

 

$

40,875

 

 

$

45,370

 

Adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock compensation expense

 

 

692

 

 

 

563

 

 

 

2,400

 

 

 

1,966

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs

 

 

351

 

 

 

309

 

 

 

1,052

 

 

 

1,078

 

Other depreciation and amortization

 

 

121

 

 

 

45

 

 

 

296

 

 

 

101

 

Other expense (income)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(52

)

Debt extinguishment costs included in net gains (losses) on sale of assets

 

 

3,204

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,233

 

 

 

 

Core Funds From Operations

 

$

16,999

 

 

$

16,491

 

 

$

49,856

 

 

$

48,463

 

CFFO per share

 

$

0.19

 

 

$

0.19

 

 

$

0.55

 

 

$

0.55

 

Weighted-average shares and units outstanding

 

 

90,908,646

 

 

 

88,585,940

 

 

 

90,394,941

 

 

 

87,870,135

 

Schedule III

Independence Realty Trust, Inc.

Reconciliation of Same-Store Net Operating Income to Net Income (loss)

(Dollars in thousands)

(unaudited)

 
 

 

 

For the Three-Months Ended (a)

 

 

 

September 30,
2019

 

 

June 30,
2019

 

 

March 31,
2019

 

 

December 31,
2018

 

 

September 30,
2018

 

Reconciliation of same-store net operating income to net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Same-store net operating income

 

$

26,418

 

 

$

26,102

 

 

$

25,250

 

 

$

25,086

 

 

$

24,428

 

Non same-store net operating income

 

 

4,093

 

 

 

4,674

 

 

 

4,329

 

 

 

5,182

 

 

 

4,424

 

Other revenue

 

 

242

 

 

 

108

 

 

 

75

 

 

 

91

 

 

 

135

 

Property management expenses

 

 

(1,901

)

 

 

(2,062

)

 

 

(1,813

)

 

 

(2,027

)

 

 

(1,661

)

General and administrative expenses

 

 

(3,113

)

 

 

(3,538

)

 

 

(3,107

)

 

 

(2,633

)

 

 

(2,578

)

Depreciation and amortization expense

 

 

(13,434

)

 

 

(12,721

)

 

 

(12,447

)

 

 

(11,631

)

 

 

(10,783

)

Interest expense

 

 

(9,783

)

 

 

(9,849

)

 

 

(9,721

)

 

 

(9,943

)

 

 

(9,129

)

Casualty relates costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(46

)

 

 

 

Net gains (losses) on sale of assets

 

 

2,390

 

 

 

12,142

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,650

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

4,912

 

 

$

14,856

 

 

$

2,566

 

 

$

14,729

 

 

$

4,836

 

(a)

Same store portfolio includes 49 properties, which represent 13,397 units.

Schedule IV

Independence Realty Trust, Inc.

Reconciliation of Net Income (Loss) to Adjusted EBITDA

And Interest Coverage Ratio

(Dollars in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

ADJUSTED EBITDA:

 

September 30,
2019

 

 

June 30,
2019

 

 

March 31,
2019

 

 

December 31,
2018

 

 

September 30,
2018

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

4,912

 

 

$

14,856

 

 

$

2,566

 

 

$

14,729

 

 

$

4,836

 

Add-Back (Deduct):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

13,434

 

 

 

12,721

 

 

 

12,447

 

 

 

11,631

 

 

 

10,783

 

Interest expense

 

 

9,783

 

 

 

9,849

 

 

 

9,721

 

 

 

9,943

 

 

 

9,129

 

Net (gains) losses on sale of assets

 

 

(2,390

)

 

 

(12,142

)

 

 

 

 

 

(10,650

)

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

25,739

 

 

$

25,284

 

 

$

24,734

 

 

$

25,653

 

 

$

24,748

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTEREST COST:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

$

9,783

 

 

$

9,849

 

 

$

9,721

 

 

$

9,943

 

 

$

9,129

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTEREST COVERAGE:

 

 

2.6

x

 

 

2.6

x

 

 

2.5

x

 

 

2.6

x

 

 

2.7

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended September 30,

 

 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

ADJUSTED EBITDA:

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

4,912

 

 

$

4,836

 

 

$

22,334

 

 

$

11,881

 

Add-Back (Deduct):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

13,434

 

 

 

10,783

 

 

 

38,602

 

 

 

33,590

 

Interest expense

 

 

9,783

 

 

 

9,129

 

 

 

29,353

 

 

 

26,063

 

Other (income) expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(52

)

Net (gains) losses on sale of assets

 

 

(2,390

)

 

 

 

 

 

(14,532

)

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

25,739

 

 

$

24,748

 

 

$

75,757

 

 

$

71,482

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTEREST COST:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

$

9,783

 

 

$

9,129

 

 

$

29,353

 

 

$

26,063

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTEREST COVERAGE:

 

 

2.6

x

 

 

2.7

x

 

 

2.6

x

 

 

2.7

x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Schedule V
Independence Realty Trust, Inc.
Definitions

Average Effective Monthly Rent per Unit

Average effective rent per unit represents the average of gross rent amounts, divided by the average occupancy (in units) for the period presented. IRT believes average effective rent is a helpful measurement in evaluating average pricing. This metric, when presented, reflects the average effective rent per month.

Average Occupancy

Average occupancy represents the average occupied units for the reporting period divided by the average of total units available for rent for the reporting period.

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA

EBITDA is defined as net income before interest expense including amortization of deferred financing costs, income tax expense, and depreciation and amortization expenses. Adjusted EBITDA is EBITDA before certain other non-cash or non-operating gains or losses related to items such as acquisition and integration expenses, asset sales, debt extinguishments and acquisition related debt extinguishment expenses. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are each non-GAAP measures. IRT considers each of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to be an appropriate supplemental measure of performance because it eliminates interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, and other non-cash or non-operating gains and losses, which permits investors to view income from operations without these non-cash or non-operating items. IRT’s calculation of Adjusted EBITDA differs from the methodology used for calculating Adjusted EBITDA by certain other REITs and, accordingly, IRT’s Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to Adjusted EBITDA reported by other REITs.

Funds From Operations (“FFO”) and Core Funds From Operations (“CFFO”)

IRT believes that FFO and CFFO, each of which is a non-GAAP financial measure, are additional appropriate measures of the operating performance of a REIT and IRT in particular. IRT computes FFO in accordance with the standards established by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, or NAREIT, as net income or loss (computed in accordance with GAAP), excluding real estate-related depreciation and amortization expense, gains or losses on sales of real estate and the cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles.

CFFO is a computation made by analysts and investors to measure a real estate company’s operating performance by removing the effect of items that do not reflect ongoing property operations, including stock compensation expense, depreciation and amortization of other items not included in FFO, amortization of deferred financing costs, acquisition and integration expenses, and other non-cash or non-operating gains or losses related to items such as defeasance costs IRT incurs when it sells a property subject to secured debt, asset sales, debt extinguishments, and acquisition related debt extinguishment expenses from the determination of FFO.

IRT’s calculation of CFFO differs from the methodology used for calculating CFFO by certain other REITs and, accordingly, IRT’s CFFO may not be comparable to CFFO reported by other REITs. IRT’s management utilizes FFO and CFFO as measures of IRT’s operating performance, and believes they are also useful to investors, because they facilitate an understanding of IRT’s operating performance after adjustment for certain non-cash or non-operating items that are required by GAAP to be expensed but may not necessarily be indicative of current operating performance and that may not accurately compare IRT’s operating performance between periods. Furthermore, although FFO, CFFO and other supplemental performance measures are defined in various ways throughout the REIT industry, IRT believes that FFO and CFFO provide investors with additional useful measures to compare IRT’s financial performance to certain other REITs. Neither FFO nor CFFO is equivalent to net income or cash generated from operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP. Furthermore, FFO and CFFO do not represent amounts available for management’s discretionary use because of needed capital replacement or expansion, debt service obligations or other commitments or uncertainties. Neither FFO nor CFFO should be considered as an alternative to net income as an indicator of IRT’s operating performance or as an alternative to cash flow from operating activities as a measure of IRT’s liquidity.

Interest Coverage

Interest coverage is a ratio computed by dividing Adjusted EBITDA by interest expense.

Net Debt

Net debt, a non-GAAP financial measure, equals total debt less cash and cash equivalents. The following table provides a reconciliation of total debt to net debt. (Dollars in thousands).

 

As of

 

 

September 30,
2019

 

 

June 30,
2019

 

 

March 31,
2019

 

 

December 31,
2018

 

 

September 30,
2018

 

Total debt

$

979,330

 

 

$

989,499

 

 

$

990,920

 

 

$

985,488

 

 

$

963,238

 

Less: cash and cash equivalents

 

(6,587

)

 

 

(11,060

)

 

 

(9,030

)

 

 

(9,316

)

 

 

(7,645

)

Total net debt

$

972,743

 

 

$

978,439

 

 

$

981,890

 

 

$

976,172

 

 

$

955,593

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IRT presents net debt because management believes it is a useful measure of IRT’s credit position and progress toward reducing leverage. The calculation is limited because IRT may not always be able to use cash to repay debt on a dollar for dollar basis.

Net Operating Income

IRT believes that Net Operating Income (“NOI”), a non-GAAP financial measure, is a useful supplemental measure of its operating performance. IRT defines NOI as total property revenues less total property operating expenses, excluding interest expenses, depreciation and amortization, acquisition expenses, property management expenses, and general and administrative expenses. Other REITs may use different methodologies for calculating NOI, and accordingly, IRT’s NOI may not be comparable to other REITs. IRT believes that this measure provides an operating perspective not immediately apparent from GAAP operating income or net income insofar as the measure reflects only operating income and expense at the property level. IRT uses NOI to evaluate performance on a same store and non-same store basis because NOI measures the core operations of property performance by excluding corporate level expenses, financing expenses, and other items not related to property operating performance and captures trends in rental housing and property operating expenses. However, NOI should only be used as an alternative measure of IRT’s financial performance.

Same Store Properties and Same Store Portfolio

IRT reviews its same store portfolio at the beginning of each calendar year. Properties are added into the same store portfolio if they were owned at the beginning of the previous year. Properties that are held-for-sale or have been sold are excluded from the same store portfolio.

Total Gross Assets

Total Gross Assets equals total assets plus accumulated depreciation and accumulated amortization, including fully depreciated or amortized real estate and real estate related assets. The following table provides a reconciliation of total assets to total gross assets (Dollars in thousands).

 

As of

 

 

September 30,
2019

 

 

June 30,
2019

 

 

March 31,
2019

 

 

December 31,
2018

 

 

September 30,
2018

 

Total assets

$

1,653,017

 

 

$

1,655,747

 

 

$

1,655,849

 

 

$

1,659,336

 

 

$

1,648,108

 

Plus: accumulated depreciation (a)

 

148,924

 

 

 

141,965

 

 

 

132,448

 

 

 

120,202

 

 

 

114,660

 

Plus: accumulated amortization

 

19,232

 

 

 

19,495

 

 

 

19,658

 

 

 

19,198

 

 

 

19,418

 

Total gross assets

$

1,821,173

 

 

$

1,817,207

 

 

$

1,807,955

 

 

$

1,798,736

 

 

$

1,782,186

 

(a)

Includes previously recognized depreciation on properties that were classified as held-for-sale as of September 30, 2019.

 

Independence Realty Trust, Inc. Contact
Edelman Financial Communications & Capital Markets
Ted McHugh and Lauren Tarola
212.277.4322
IRT@edelman.com

Source: Independence Realty Trust, Inc.